Knee replacement surgery, or knee arthroplasty, offers pain relief and improved movement to those suffering from advanced arthritis of the knee or a weakened knee joint. In most cases, the cartilage is worn away and the surface of the knee becomes pitted, eroded, and uneven. This causes pain, stiffness, instability, and a change in body alignment.
Types of Knee Replacement SurgeryTotal Knee Replacement, also known as knee arthroplasty, a procedure in which the surgeon removes damaged or diseased parts of the patient's knee joint and replaces them with new artificial parts.
Knee Revision Surgery, which is also known as arthroplasty, is a procedure in which the surgeon removes a previously implanted artificial knee joint, or prosthesis, and replaces it with a new prosthesis. Knee revision surgery may also involve the use of bone grafts. The bone graft may be an autograft, which means that the bone is taken from another site in the patient's own body; or an allograft, which means that the bone tissue comes from another donor.
Knee Resurfacing Surgery is a procedure in which femoral head is not removed and is instead trimmed and capped. The damaged bone and cartilage within the socket are removed and replaced.